Brick Kiln In Autumn

Charles E. Burchfield

American, 1893 - 1967

Brick Kiln in Autumn, 1917

  • Not On View

Watercolor on paper

Dimensions: 17 1/2 × 21 1/2 in. (44.5 × 54.6 cm)

Courtesy of the Isabel Foundation, Inlander Collection, L2003.54

Charles Ephraim Burchfield was born in Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, in l893. After the death of his father in l898, he moved with his family to Salem, Ohio, where he completed high school. He next attended the Cleveland School of Art, graduating in l9l6. In l92l, he married and moved to Buffalo, New York, where he supported himself for the next eight years as a designer for a firm that produced decorative wallpaper. Burchfield's career as a painter advanced rapidly. He found a market for his work in New York the year after he graduated from art school and was awarded a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art before he turned forty. In the history of American watercolor, Burchfield shares center stage with Winslow Homer, Charles Demuth, and John Marin. Initially, Burchfield became famous as a pioneer in the American Scene movement. His moody, Realist views of life in the Upper Midwest are among the most skillful and ambitious Regionalist works produced in the United States during the twenties and thirties. During the mid-l940s, Burchfield turned to nature for his inspiration and evolved a style that blended regional, mystical and modernist elements. By the late 1950s, Charles Burchfield had gained international recognition as an important and highly original figure in American art.

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